israel palestine conflict timeline

Israel Palestine Conflict Timeline 2023 Summary with Images

There have been several confrontations and conflicts in the decades-long Israel-Palestine conflict, here is the Israel Palestine conflict timeline given. Intercommunal conflict between Palestinian Jews and Arabs in Mandatory Palestine gave rise to the conflict.

Here is the Israel Palestine Conflict Timeline 2023:

1948-1949: Arab-Israeli War

After Israel declared its independence on May 14, 1948, five Arab countries invaded territories within the old Palestinian mandate, sparking the Arab-Israeli War of 1948. Israel expanded its borders.

1956: Suez Crisis

The Suez Canal Company, which ran the Suez Canal and was owned by the British and French, was nationalized on July 26, 1956, by Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser. The Canal gave Western nations access to Middle Eastern oil, therefore Nasser’s decision threatened both their equity stakes in the company as well as the delivery of oil to Europe. The subsequent Suez Crisis put regional security at jeopardy and strained ties between the United States and its two main Cold War allies, Britain and France.

Israeli forces crossed the border, routed the Egyptian army in the Sinai Peninsula, took control of Sharm al-Sheikh, and thereby secured Israeli strategic command over the Straits of Tiran. By issuing their ultimatum and deploying troops, Britain and France effectively carried out the planned action. However, in response to the situation, the Soviet Union and the United States demanded a cease-fire.

1967: Six-Day War

Israel won four times its original amount of territory during those six days, beat three Arab armies, and rose to the top military position in the region. Israel underwent a dramatic transformation during the conflict, going from a country that saw itself as a survivor to an occupier and regional powerhouse.

1973: Yom Kippur War

On October 6, 1973, Yom Kippur, a Jewish holy day, Egypt and Syria declared war on one another. Ramadan, the Muslim holy month of fasting, also coincided with it, and it continued until October 26, 1973. Years of intermittent violence ensued after the Six-Day War (1967), the previous Arab-Israeli conflict in which Israel had conquered and occupied Arab territory including the Sinai Peninsula and the Golan Heights.

When Israel rejected those conditions, the conflict turned into a full-fledged war in 1973. The United Nations Security Council passed Resolution 338, which demanded an immediate end to the fighting. Despite this, hostilities persisted for a number of days afterward, leading the UN to issue Resolutions 339 and 340, which renewed the call for a cease-fire.

1987-1991: First Intifada

A Palestinian revolt against Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Gaza Strip was known as the First Intifada. The Madrid Conference in 1991 marked the end of it after starting in December 1987. Civil disobedience, general strikes, and violent clashes between Palestinians and Israeli security forces characterized the uprising.

2000-2005: Second Intifada

Between September 2000 and February 2005, there was a period of increased Palestinian-Israeli violence known as the Second Intifada. The violence included Israeli military operations in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, suicide bombers, rocket strikes, and other acts of terrorism.

2006: Gaza War

In the 2006 Lebanon War, Hezbollah fighters lost more than 1,000 lives compared to an estimated 120 deaths among Israeli soldiers. To drive out Palestinian insurgents stationed in Lebanon, Israel invaded the country. Israel left the majority of Lebanon by 1985, but they kept a small buffer zone there until 2000. Conflict between Israel and Hezbollah from July 12 to August 14, 2006, which came after Israeli forces invaded Lebanon to put an end to Hezbollah attacks on Israeli settlements.

Israeli forces moved ground forces to demolish Hezbollah sites in southern Lebanon and placed a significant naval blockade on the country. They also targeted Hezbollah-affiliated institutions and homes with airstrikes. However, the number of missile launchers that Hezbollah used to fire its rocket attacks rose. In the end, an Israeli pullout was agreed upon, and UN peacekeepers were stationed to halt further rocket launches.

2008-2009: Gaza War

The Gaza War, also known as Operation Cast Lead, was a three-week-long armed battle between Israel Defense Forces (IDF) and Palestinian paramilitary organizations in the Gaza Strip. It started on December 27, 2008, and ended on January 18, 2009, with an unannounced truce. In a direct hit on a residence in Kiryat Malachi, the missiles killed three Israeli citizens. At the conclusion of the operation, there had been six Israeli fatalities, 230 Palestinian injuries, and 1,032 Palestinian fatalities.

2012: Gaza War

There were 92 individual assaults in October 2012, totaling 171 rockets and mortar rounds fired against Israel. Israel allegedly launched attacks in Gaza that killed or injured both militants and civilians, according to Gazan organisations. Three Palestinian rocket launchers had been killed earlier in the day by Israeli aircraft, and Israeli tanks had fired back at Gazan launch pads. Hamas vowed to “continue carrying the rifle…until the liberation of Palestine and the defeat of the occupation.” Egyptian authorities are said to have arranged a cease-fire on October 25; however, both Israeli and Palestinian officials have denied the existence of any such agreement.

2014: Gaza War

Israel and Hamas engaged in a seven-week war in Gaza that started on July 8, 2014. More than 2,200 Palestinians, mostly civilians, and 73 Israelis, mostly troops, died in the fighting. On August 26, 2014, a ceasefire deal brought the battle to an end.


More than 200 Palestinians and more than 10 Israelis were killed during the 11-day war between Israel and Hamas.

Israel Palestine war Summary 2023

As of October 2023, violence between Israeli forces and Palestinian militants is escalating the Israeli-Palestinian war. In the Aqbat Jabr refugee camp outside Jericho in January, Israeli soldiers engaged in gunfire with Palestinians, resulting in the deaths of five of them. The United Nations Security Council officially denounced Israel’s plan to expand settlements on Palestinian territory in a statement that was released in February. The largest onslaught against Israel in years was launched by Hamas in October.

The situation is still dire, and further unilateral moves make finding a long-term solution increasingly unlikely. It is impossible to exaggerate how perilous this may be for the state’s connections with its Jewish and Arab citizens, for the West Bank’s instability, for Jerusalem’s flashpoints, and for the possibility of a future peace agreement. There have been countless clashes and wars during the long-running struggle. The current state of affairs is only briefly described here; there have been several additional occurrences and events that have fueled the ongoing hostilities.

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